Monday, December 25, 2017

Grady Tate With The Gary McFarland Orchestra, Bobby Scott - 1969 - Slaves

Grady Tate With The Gary McFarland Orchestra, Bobby Scott 

01. Slaves
02. Slaves
03. Meetin' House
04. Black Lullabye
05. Another Mornin'
06. Pickin' Cotton
07. Nightwind (Esther's Theme)
08. Another Mornin'
09. Pickin' Cotton
10. Nightwind (Esther's Theme)

Recorded at A&R Recording, New York

Grady Tate was renowned as a session drummer extraordinaire, an expert in the use of the rim shot for syncopating purposes; prized for his driving, pushing, or subtle coaxing of the beat. Yet he also displayed a warm, flexible, rhythmically agile baritone voice, which, in a reversal of the usual commercial situation, was less well-known than his drumming. He began singing at age four, impressing local Durham, North Carolina church and school audiences, but quit temporarily when his voice broke at age 12. Self-taught as a drummer at first, he picked up the fundamentals of jazz drumming during his hitch in the Air Force (1951-1955), and arranger Bill Berry made some vocal charts for him there. Upon his discharge, he returned to Durham to study psychology, literature, and theater at North Carolina College, before moving to Washington, D.C. in 1959 to teach high school and take up a musical career with Wild Bill Davis.

A move to New York City in 1963 led to a gig with the Quincy Jones big band, and soon he caught on as a recording session drummer. His most famous records as an accompanist were made under the aegis of producer Creed Taylor, for whom he became the house drummer of choice. Tate played on many of Jimmy Smith's and Wes Montgomery's most popular recordings, including 1964's The Cat and 1965's Bumpin'. He can also be heard on albums by such luminaries as Nat Adderley, Stan Getz, Tony Bennett, Kenny Burrell, Ella Fitzgerald, Benny Goodman, Roland Kirk, Count Basie, Oscar Peterson, Duke Ellington, J.J. Johnson, and Kai Winding, among countless other artists.

Arranger Gary McFarland thought enough of Tate's singing voice to record a number of vocal albums for his short-lived Skye label, beginning with 1968's Windmills of My Mind. Yet despite further vocal sessions for Buddah, Janus, Impulse!, and a host of Japanese labels, Tate's profile as a singer was never as high as it could have been. During this period, he also stayed active appearing on albums with a bevy of jazz and soul artists including Ron Carter, Aretha Franklin, Roberta Flack, Gato Barbieri, and others. Tate's voice can also be heard on several songs in the beloved Schoolhouse Rock! animated educational series.

Despite the absence of his own solo albums, the '80s proved a fruitful time for the drummer, who returned to teaching and joined the faculty of Howard University. He also remained a highly sought-after session player, appearing with jazz artists like Jimmy Smith, Helen Merrill, and Teresa Brewer, as well as pop superstars like Simon & Garfunkel. His distinctive, undulating drum patterns were also used to good effect on composer Angelo Badalamenti's soundtrack to director David Lynch's Twin Peaks.

He returned to his solo recording work with 1991's excellent, vocal-only album for Milestone, TNT, where drummer Dennis Mackrel used many patterns that he learned from Tate. Body and Soul followed a year later, and he resurfaced with Feeling Free in 1999. Several more well-regarded albums followed, including 2003's All Love with pianist Kenny Barron and 2006's From the Heart: Songs Sung Live at the Blue Note. Tate's drumming was once again featured on the soundtrack to David Lynch's Twin Peaks: The Return. Tate died on October 8, 2017 at his home in Manhattan's Upper East Side. He was 85 years old. ~ Richard S. Ginell

Slaves was a film staring Ossie Davis made in the very early 1970s. I probably don't need to elaborate on the implications of this, given the social context of the era. I have not seen it.

Before Slaves, some background: Gary McFarland was a band leader in the 1960s who went his own way. He was not traditional, he was not avant gaurde. But even is non-soundtrack albums were a mix of jazz, TV-like program music, and movie music of the era. McFarland had a unique approach to harmony, and when you mix all this, you get some amazing music. Check out America The Beautiful: An Account of its Disappearance from 1968, not as a summation, but a departure point. Grady Tate is an amazing jazz drummer. Frankly I don't know his work but if Slaves is any indication I will be finding out more very soon.

Bobby Scott wrote the amazing music here. Most of this is a mournful, sophisticated test tube mix of blues, melodic soul, and early 1970s funk. Funk that works on extremely advanced harmonies.

I just read that last paragraph and realized how strained that sounds: a pretty lame description for a crack reviewer like me. Bad for me but good for you--if I can't describe a piece of music, that is usually the best indicator that I have found music truly unique.

It is joy to review music this brilliant, but you don't need me. Listen and download. You're ears will thank you later.




  3. Thank you so much!