At the Helm
01. Mevlana (based on Turkish religious melody) 12:01
02. Ti-Ti (Ameen Nuraldeen) 7:17
03. Sun Flower (Freddie Hubbard) 13:30
04. Bent-el-Jerusalem (Ameen Nuraldeen) 5:20
Bilal Abdurahman – Soprano Sax, Korean Reed
Ameen Nuraldeen – Vibraphone
Qasim Ubaindullah – Drums
James Smith – Bass
Jay Rose – Turkish Drum
Bobby Harvey – Conga Drums
Rahkiah Abdurahman – African Twin-Gong
The East New York Ensemble was a group with a broad range of musical and cultural ideas. “We are particularly concerned musically with modulating from one groovy layer of polyrhythmic textures and colors to another,” writes member Bilal Abdurahman in the liner notes accompanying the album. Listeners will encounter music from an eclectic mix of cultures, including an improvisation based on a Turkish religious melody and the composition “Sunflower,” which features an ancient reed instrument given to Abdurahman by a villager in Pusan, Korea. At the Helm, The East New York Ensemble’s only album, showcases a variety of musicians demonstrating a variety of multicultural influences.
Multi-reed player Bilal Abdurrahman was best known for his musical partnership with the trailblazing bassist/oudist (and sideman for Monk and Randy Weston) Abdul Ahmed Malik from the late '50s into the mid-'60s. Their music—which predated better-publicized fusions of ethnic musics and jazz by half a decade—was documented on five LPs for Riverside, RCA, and New Jazz ( East Meets West , Jazz Sahara , The Music of Ahmed Abdul Malik , Eastern Moods , Sounds of Africa ). Several of these have been reissued and are currently on my "must get" list. Unlike those LPs, I never knew this one existed! Released on the not-for-profit Folkways label in 1974, At The Helm is the only surviving document of Abdurahman's own Black Magical Music.
The puckish humor evident in the band's name doesn't so much come across in the music (a la Breuker, Carla Bley, et al.) as it does in their kitchen sink approach to musical eclecticism. The Ensemble is actually a collaboration between Abdurahman and vibraharpist and composer Ameen Nuraldeen. Nuraldeen's compositions deftly mix the somewhat loopy, exotica-derived sounds one might find on Sun Ra's early recordings with an authoritative, groove-oriented, early-'70s Afro-modal jazz sensibility. Prominently odd amongst the more subtly odd moments on At The Helm is the cover of Freddie Hubbard's "Little Sunflower"—a minor hit of sorts amongst '70s jazz fans which daringly opens with an extended improvisation on a bizarre-sounding non-tempered Korean reed instrument (possibly a senap—but I am just guessing). This is not done merely for exotic effect; Abdurahman plays the untamed, unnamed instrument with the same soul and passion he displays on his main axe.
Why he wasn't better known, I will never know—his technique, sound and intonation are distinctive and superb throughout. Nuraldeen is a forceful, percussive player who revels in the vibraphone's bright bell-like tones while eschewing the clanky, clangy sounds that many players of this ilk fall prey to.
The supporting players—all even more obscure than the leaders—provide an organic propulsive rhythmic base throughout. Another pleasant surprise is is the very crisp sound quality—unusual for Folkways recordings.
At The Helm presents us with a convincing fusion of jazz, African, Asian, and Middle Eastern ethnic musics in which the immediacy and power of jazz is never diluted by the ethnic influences, and vice versa.